IPICS White Papers

The future goals of ice-core research are outlined in a series of White Papers summarizing IPICS' scientific objectives. These are refreshed from time to time.

Current White Papers

1. The oldest ice core: A 1.5 million year record of climate and greenhouse gases from Antarctica (a time period where Earth’s climate shifted from 40,000 year to 100,000 year cycles). This is the most recent version, updated in 2020.

2. History and Dynamics of the Last Interglacial Period from Ice Cores: A comprehensive record of environmental change during the last interglacial period.

3. Terminations and seesaws: An ice core contribution to understanding orbital and millennial scale climate change.

4. The IPICS 2k Array: A network of ice core climate and climate forcing records for the last two millennia.

5. A fifth, and critical, element of IPICS is the development of advanced ice core drilling technology. A technical white paper, entitled "Ice Core Drilling Technical Challenges" addresses this.


White Papers for Completed IPICS Projects

1. The last interglacial and beyond: A northwest Greenland deep ice core drilling project (a deep ice core in Greenland recovering an intact record of the last interglacial period) - (2006-2013).

2. The IPICS 40,000 year network: A bipolar record of climate forcing and response.